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How to Grow Gerberas? Plant Care Tips

What are Gerberas?

Gerberas, also commonly known as African Daisies, are a beloved staple in many gardens and homes due to their radiant, daisy-like flowers. These perennial plants, native to South Africa, have soared in popularity globally. Their vibrant, large blooms come in an array of colors—ranging from whites, pinks, and reds to yellows and oranges—and serve as an instant mood-lifter, making them a favorite choice for both gardens and floral arrangements.




Benefits of Growing Gerberas


Variety of Colors Available

Each Gerbera bloom is a burst of color, and the spectrum of shades available is astounding. From soft pastels to striking vibrant hues, Gerberas can complement any garden theme and stand out beautifully.


daisy flowers


Adds an Exotic Touch to Gardens

Though common, the intricate flower design and the unique petal arrangement of Gerberas offer an exotic touch, making your garden a focal point in your vicinity.


Low Maintenance

Despite their delicate appearance, Gerberas are fairly resilient. They can thrive with basic care, making them a more hassle-free choice compared to many other flowers that may demand intricate care routines.


pink daisies


Great for Both Beginners and Experienced Gardeners

Whether you’re just beginning your gardening journey or you’re a seasoned pro, Gerberas are a delightful addition. Their minimal care requirements coupled with the rewarding blooms they produce make them suitable for all levels of gardening expertise.


Step-by-Step Guide to Growing Gerberas

growing gerbera plants


Choosing the Right Location

  • Importance of Sunlight: Gerberas thrive in full sunlight, requiring at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. The sun not only promotes healthy growth but also ensures the production of vibrant, large blooms.
  • Avoiding Extreme Weather Conditions: While they love the sun, Gerberas can be sensitive to extreme weather conditions. It’s crucial to choose a location that shields them from the harsh afternoon sun in hotter climates and provides some protection against strong winds.


Soil Preparation

  • Ideal Soil pH: Gerberas prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil, with an ideal pH level between 5.5 and 6.5. Before planting, it’s beneficial to test the soil’s pH and amend it if necessary.
  • Ensuring Proper Drainage: Well-draining soil is crucial for Gerberas to prevent root rot. If your garden has clayey soil, consider amending it with compost or perlite to enhance drainage.


gerbera daisy plant care


Planting the Seeds or Seedlings

  • Proper Spacing: When planting Gerberas, ensure there’s a distance of about 12-18 inches between plants. This gives each plant ample space to grow and ensures good air circulation.
  • Depth Considerations: Plant the seedlings or seeds so that the crown of the plant (where the stem meets the roots) is just above the soil surface.


Watering Regimen

gerberas in a plant box


  • Ideal Watering Frequency: Water Gerberas deeply but infrequently, ensuring the soil is moist but not soggy. Over-watering can lead to root rot.
  • Tips to Avoid Over-watering or Under-watering: A good rule of thumb is to water when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. Using a drip irrigation system or a soaker hose can also ensure consistent moisture.


Fertilization and Nutrient Needs

  • Best Types of Fertilizers: A balanced, slow-release fertilizer, with equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, is ideal for Gerberas.
  • Frequency of Fertilization: Feed the plants once a month during the growing season. Remember to follow the manufacturer’s instructions regarding the amount.


Tips to Maintain a Healthy Gerbera Garden

colorful gerberas


  • Common Pests like Aphids and Spider Mites: Gerberas can sometimes be attacked by pests like aphids and spider mites. These pests suck the sap out of the plant, causing it to weaken.
  • Prevention and Treatment Options: Regularly inspect your plants for any signs of these pests. Introducing beneficial insects like ladybugs or using insecticidal soap can help control these pests.


Proper Pruning Techniques

pruning techniques


Regularly remove dead or faded flowers to encourage new blooms. Use clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears to cut the stem close to the base.

Pruning is an essential technique in growing Gerbera daisies (Gerbera jamesonii) to ensure healthy growth, encourage flowering, and maintain an attractive appearance. Proper pruning helps remove dead or damaged foliage, promote new growth, and prevent disease.

Here are some proper pruning techniques for growing Gerberas:

  • Deadheading spent flowers: Gerberas produce a single flower on each stem. After a flower has faded and wilted, it should be removed promptly to encourage the plant to produce more blooms. Snip the stem just above the nearest healthy leaf or bud to promote new flower growth.
  • Removing dead or yellowing leaves: Regularly inspect your Gerbera plants for dead or yellowing leaves. These leaves should be pruned to prevent disease and maintain a neat appearance. Use clean, sharp pruning shears or scissors to make clean cuts near the base of the leaf stem.
  • Pinching for bushier growth: Pinching involves removing the tip of the main stem to encourage branching and bushier growth. This can be done when the Gerbera has several sets of leaves and is actively growing. Pinch off the top inch or two of the main stem, just above a set of healthy leaves. This will divert the plant’s energy into producing side shoots, resulting in a fuller plant.
  • Thinning overcrowded growth: If your Gerbera becomes overcrowded or too bushy, you can selectively thin out some of the older or weaker stems to improve air circulation and light penetration. Use pruning shears to remove selected stems at their base. This helps prevent disease and allows for better growth.
  • Cutting back for rejuvenation: Gerbera daisies can benefit from a rejuvenation pruning if they become leggy or have declined in health. In late winter or early spring, cut back the entire plant to about 4-6 inches above the soil level. This encourages new growth and revitalizes the plant.
  • Sterilize your pruning tools: Always use clean and sharp pruning shears or scissors to prevent introducing disease to your Gerberas. Before pruning, sterilize your tools by wiping the blades with rubbing alcohol or a mixture of bleach and water. Make sure to clean them between cuts, especially if you notice any signs of disease.
  • Timing: The best time to prune Gerbera daisies is in the spring or early summer when they are actively growing. Avoid heavy pruning during the hot summer months, as this can stress the plant.
  • Disposing of pruned material: Remove all pruned material from the garden to prevent the spread of disease. Dispose of it in the compost or yard waste bin, or burn it if necessary.


Remember that Gerbera daisies are generally low-maintenance plants, and proper pruning should be done with care and moderation to avoid excessive stress on the plant. Regular maintenance, including deadheading and occasional pruning, will help keep your Gerberas healthy and blooming beautifully.


Benefits of Regular Pruning

Pruning not only ensures continuous blooming but also keeps the plant healthy by preventing diseases. Regular pruning is an essential practice for maintaining healthy and vibrant Gerbera daisies (Gerbera jamesonii) in your garden. Pruning involves removing dead or damaged growth, spent flowers, and excess foliage to encourage new growth and improve overall plant health.

Here are some benefits of regular pruning for growing Gerberas:

  • Stimulates Flowering: Pruning helps promote continuous flowering by removing spent flowers (deadheading). This encourages the plant to redirect energy into producing new flowers rather than seed production.
  • Improved Air Circulation: Removing excess foliage and crowded growth allows for better air circulation within the plant. Improved air circulation reduces the risk of fungal diseases like powdery mildew and gray mold.
  • Disease Prevention: Pruning can help prevent the spread of diseases by removing infected or diseased plant parts. This reduces the likelihood of diseases spreading to healthy portions of the plant.
  • Shape and Size Control: Pruning allows you to shape your Gerbera daisy plants and maintain their desired size. This is especially important for managing potted Gerberas and ensuring they fit well in their containers.
  • Enhanced Aesthetic Appeal: Regular pruning can help keep your Gerberas looking neat and tidy. Removing yellowing or damaged leaves and spent flowers improves the overall appearance of the plant.
  • Energy Conservation: By removing dead or dying growth, the plant conserves energy and resources, directing them toward healthy growth and flower production.
  • Stronger Stems: Pruning encourages the development of stronger stems. This is important for preventing leggy growth and ensuring the plant can support the weight of its flowers.
  • Prolonged Lifespan: Proper pruning practices can extend the lifespan of your Gerbera daisies, as it reduces stress on the plant and minimizes the risk of pests and diseases.
  • Thinning Out Crowded Growth: Gerberas can sometimes become crowded with multiple stems emerging from the same base. Pruning helps thin out this growth, ensuring each stem has space and resources to thrive.
  • Monitoring Plant Health: Regularly inspecting your Gerberas while pruning allows you to identify and address any issues early, such as pest infestations or nutrient deficiencies.


When pruning Gerbera daisies, be sure to use clean and sharp pruning shears or scissors to make clean cuts. Additionally, avoid cutting too close to the base of the plant, as this can damage the crown. With proper pruning, your Gerbera daisies should thrive, producing an abundance of colorful blooms and maintaining their overall health and vigor.


Seasonal Care

seasonal care for gerberas


  • Winter Protection: In colder regions, Gerberas may need protection from frost. Consider using frost blankets or moving potted Gerberas indoors during extreme cold.
  • Summer Maintenance: During hot summers, ensure consistent watering and provide some shade during the hottest parts of the day.


Troubleshooting Common Gerbera Problems


Yellowing Leaves

Yellowing Leaves


  • Over-watering Issues: If you notice yellow leaves, it might be due to over-watering. Check the soil’s moisture and adjust your watering schedule accordingly.
  • Lack of Essential Nutrients: Yellow leaves can also indicate a lack of nutrients. Consider testing the soil and applying a balanced fertilizer.


Drooping or Wilting Flowers

Drooping or Wilting Flowers


  • Root Rot Causes and Prevention: Droopy flowers can be a sign of root rot, usually due to over-watering. Ensure well-draining soil and avoid keeping the soil continuously wet.
  • Proper Support Systems: Sometimes, large Gerbera blooms may droop due to their weight. Use plant supports or stakes to keep them upright.



different colors of gerberas


Growing Gerberas is a delightful gardening venture that results in vibrant and cheerful blooms. With the above tips and guidance, you’re well on your way to cultivating a stunning Gerbera garden. Their minimal care requirements, combined with their spectacular output, make them a must-have in any garden. So, why wait? Dive into the world of Gerberas and add a touch of radiant charm to your surroundings!

Just like every plant, they require specific attention and care to bloom at their best. If you’re interested in exploring a range of stunning gerbera arrangements or discover more amazing flowers, Bourkes Florist has a plethora of offerings to cater to your floral needs. From bespoke bouquets to gardening insights, we have it all. Shop now!



Q: How often should Gerberas be watered?

Water when the top inch of the soil feels dry. This could be once a week or less, depending on the climate and soil type.


Q: Can Gerberas be grown indoors?

Yes, with sufficient light (preferably direct sunlight) and proper care, they can be grown indoors.


Q: Do Gerberas need direct sunlight?

They thrive best with at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily but need protection from extreme afternoon heat.

How to Grow Gerberas? Plant Care Tips

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